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Indian residences were outside that exclusive zone and houses were haphazardly located.Spaniards sought to keep Indians separate from Spaniards but since the Zócalo was a center of commerce for Indians, they were a constant presence in the central area, so strict segregation was never enforced.By draining the area, the mosquito population dropped as did the frequency of the diseases they spread.However, draining the wetlands also changed the habitat for fish and birds and the areas accessible for Indian cultivation close to the capital.The old Mexica city that is now simply referred to as Tenochtitlan was built on an island in the center of the inland lake system of the Valley of Mexico, which it shared with a smaller city-state called Tlatelolco.Between 13, Tenochtitlan grew in size and strength, eventually dominating the other city-states around Lake Texcoco and in the Valley of Mexico.The causeways were rebuilt under Spanish rule with indigenous labor.Colonial Spanish cities were constructed on a grid pattern, if no geographical obstacle prevented it.
The viceroy of Mexico or vice-king lived in the viceregal palace on the main square or Zócalo.
Clockwise from top: skyline of Paseo de la Reforma, Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral, Skyline of Polanco, Palacio de Bellas Artes, The National Palace, Angel of Independence and Torre Latinoamericana It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus at the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 metres (7,350 ft). The 2009 estimated population for the city proper was approximately 8.84 million people, According to the most recent definition agreed upon by the federal and state governments, the Greater Mexico City population is 21.3 million people, making it the largest metropolitan area of the Western Hemisphere, the tenth-largest agglomeration, and the largest Spanish-speaking city in the world.
Mexico’s capital is both the oldest capital city in the Americas and one of two founded by Native Americans, the other being Quito, Ecuador.
The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 as Tenochtitlan, which was almost completely destroyed in the 1521 siege of Tenochtitlan, and subsequently redesigned and rebuilt in accordance with the Spanish urban standards.
In 1524, the municipality of Mexico City was established, known as México Tenochtitlán, After independence from Spain was achieved, the federal district was created in 1824.Many died from being crushed by beams, or falling from high places, or in tearing down old buildings for new ones.